When the first 9-1-1 dispatch system was up and running it did not launch nationwide, each individual state launched their systems at different times.
“In November 1967, the FCC met with the American Telephone and Telegraph Company (AT&T) to find a means of establishing a universal emergency number that could be implemented quickly. In 1968, AT&T announced that it would establish the digits 9-1-1 as the emergency code throughout the United States. America's first emergency system that used 9-1-1 was in Haleyville, Alabama, and the country's first 9-1-1 call was made there on February 16, 1968, by Rankin Fite.” (https://www.nena.org/)
Throughout this timeline, you will see each century we researched and each of there common problems we saw throughout that time. Below each timeline of dates, we break down a small explanation and some bonus information about our Country during that time period. We hope you enjoy reading through this as educating our fellow citizens is important to us.
Call for action
Creator and founder of Justifeyed, Marcus Evans, said “ In 2014, when I first began to investigate the origin of the first 9-1-1 dispatch system. I wanted to leave my own personal mark in history, so when I found a common flaw across all aspects of the past and current 9-1-1 dispatch system from over the last hundred years. I knew I could find improvements, to better the system, so I did just that.
All throughout the United States, millions of people call 9-1-1 but often overlook the response time. After three hard years of work, we believe that we have a plan of action that can potentially reduce response time by minutes. While calling 9-1-1 in an emergency has been around for ages, in some cases, it can take too long from the time an emergency is reported to the time emergency or law enforcement personnel arrives on the scene. The average school shooting lasts approximately twelve and a half minutes, the average police response time is eighteen minutes. Our future vision is that by improving the telecommunications and public safety. We could potentially save 3-5 minutes and give dispatchers adequate information in less time. All we ask from the public is, to give us the opportunity to partner with a University or a County, this is so that we can run a pilot program and show our community and yours what great benefits await ahead.
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19th Century- Racial Tensions
1865 - Abraham Lincoln shot
1876 - Invention of the telephone
1878 - The Boston Telephone Dispatch company had started hiring boys as telephone operators.
1878 - Boston Telephone Dispatch hired Emma Nutt as the first woman operator.
1881 - President James A Garfield shot
1892 - Milo G. Kellogg devised the Divided Multiple Switchboard for operators to work together, with a team on the "A" board and another on the "B".
During this Time in History...
“Efforts of reconstruction started before the war was over. In Lincolns 1863 address to Congress, the president announced a Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction. Lincoln offered “full pardon with restoration of all rights of property, except as to slaves” to all rebels, except high ranking Confederate officials, who had pledged to obey acts of congress relating to slavery. This measure was necessary to prevent any attempts at re enslaving freedmen. Southerners must accept emancipation as a condition for reconstruction and state governments can be set up representing 10% of the votes”. (http://www.abraham-lincoln-history.org/reconstruction/)
While looking at our Country’s history there are a few dark times, during the 19th century we had very heavy racial tensions between the African Americans and Caucasians. This is important to be aware of because it is important we study the past so that we do not become separated and segregated between one another, but gather together and be united. As one of our great President’s said: “A house divided against itself, cannot stand.” (Abe Lincoln)
20th Century- Working to a better line of communication
1901 - President William McKinley shot
1914-1918 (4 years) - WWI
1934 - Communication Act of 1934 HR438 was implemented. The Act established regulations for the communications industry, including radio, telephone, and telegraph communications.
1934- The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) was established.
1939-1945 (6 years) - WWII
1957- The first catalyst for a nationwide emergency telephone number.
1963 - President John F Kennedy shot
1966- The Telecommunication Act of 1996 HR 438, and the Wireless Communication and Public Safety Act of 1999, had been made into laws that were intended to enhance the 9-1-1 emergency system.
1967- The President's Commission on Law Enforcement and Administration of Justice recommended that a "single number should be established" nationwide for reporting emergency situations.
1967 - The FCC met with the American Telephone and Telegraph Company (AT&T) to find a means of establishing a universal emergency number.
1968 - AT&T announced that it would establish the digits 9-1-1 as the emergency code throughout the United States.
1972 - The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) recommends that 911 be implemented nationwide.
1981 - The attempted assassination of President Ronald Reagan.
1999 - Columbine High School Massacre
In our research, we looked at the time span from 1901 to 1981, 80 years. In those 80 years, we had three Presidents shot, and two of three were successfully assassinated. What this shows is that if we do not have a current up-to-date strategy for our telecommunications system and public safety. We put not only citizens at risk, but even possibly our President. As our past President John. F Kennedy said, “We must use time as a tool, not as a couch.”
21st Century- Mass shootings
2001 - September 11th attacks
2005 - Hurricane Katrina
2007 - Virginia Tech shooting
2012 - The Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting
2015 - Charleston Church shooting
2016 - Orlando Nightclub shooting
2017 - Sutherland Springs Church shooting
2017- Las Vegas Concert shooting
2019 - West Freeway Church of Christ shooting
When looking back upon the 21st century, and the many mass shootings that had happened over that time period. Two things are alarmingly clear, the attacks are becoming far more frequent, and are getting deadlier. Mass shootings had become something that we frequently saw in the news and at one point had seen as a “normal” occurrence.
Many people called for change and action to be taken, which led to something that was much greater to happen among our U.S citizens. “Change will not come if we wait for some other person or some other time. We are the ones we've been waiting for. We are the change that we seek.” (Barack Obama)
Currently Ongoing- Medical & Health
2020- The Global Pandemic
With the most recent outbreak of the Coronavirus in the United States we have all, especially the President, had to adapt to a new way of living, and a new way of doing things. In one of the more recent reports, it is known that there are more than 700,000 cases reported worldwide; Fauci (Director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases) said that the U.S. could claim up to close to 200,000 lives.
In a speech by the United States President, Donald Trump said “Together, We will make America strong again. We will make wealthy again. We will make America proud again. We will make America safe again. And yes, together, we will make America great again. Thank you. God bless you. And God bless America.” As our President and many others, we have high hopes to come out of this tragic outbreak stronger.
*We will try to keep these statistics as current as possible.